For Fabien Cousteau, grandson of famed explorer Jacques Cousteau, under the sea is a pretty comfortable place to be.
Marking the 50th Anniversary of his grandfather's 30 day underwater stay at Continental Shelf Station Two, aka Conshelf Two, Cousteau plans to spend 31 days in the Aquarius lab, "the only underwater marine habitat and lab in the world." Called "Mission 31," Cousteau and a team of scientists will explore the effects of climate change, pollution, and the consumption of natural resources.
Also unique to the venture: the team is broadcasting the entire event live. Check out the livestream of Mission 31 below:
BP’s annual world energy report is out, and it turns out coal has its largest share of the global energy market since 1970.
Just because coal use is going down in the U.S. doesn’t mean it’s not popular in other parts of the world.
“Coal is still a fairly fast growing fuel globally," says James Stevenson, director of North American coal at IHS Energy, a global research and consulting firm. “We have fairly strong growth in countries like China.”
The use of coal is also expanding in Latin America, parts of the Mediterranean, and Africa, though more slowly. Even Germany is burning more coal, partly because it’s shutting down its nuclear power plants.
Kristoffer Inton, an equity analyst with Morningstar, says coal is easy to come by.
“That’s the main advantage of coal," he says, "that it’s cheap and it’s available.”
And even with the EPA’s newly proposed regulations for carbon, it still expects coal to generate 30 percent of the power in this country. Inton notes, globally, coal is probably one of the easiest ways to get power.
“So what we’re seeing right now is that even though there’s high coal usage in China and growing usage in some other countries, there’s a significant amount of supply out there,” he says.
Higher education institutions are training some of the weakest students to lead the nation's classrooms.
That’s one of the conclusions of a new report from the National Council on Teacher Quality. On top of that, the advocacy group says fewer than 10 percent of the teacher training programs it's assessed are doing a stellar job.
One of the criteria the group uses to assess schools is their admissions selectivity.
“The education school is often the easiest program on a campus to get into,” says Kate Walsh, president of The National Council on Teacher Quality. Walsh says three out of four of the teacher prep programs her group examined lack rigorous admissions standards and accept students with lackluster grade point averages or scores on college entrance tests.
Walsh says mediocre students use education as a fall-back major. She wants schools to raise the bar and make teaching a more elite profession.
But Peter Cookson with the American Institutes for Research says another important way to do that would be to raise teachers' pay.
“It's a good salary, but it isn't really competitive in the long-term,” he says.
Cookson says the stakes are high for attracting and retaining good teachers. He says students perform much better with strong instructors.
The Obama Administration says 275 troops are deploying to Iraq to protect the U.S. Embassy and other interests. We don’t yet know the full cost of any U.S. action in Iraq, but we can lift the curtain a bit on the economics behind military intervention, and what the Pentagon gets for its half trillion dollar baseline budget.
What’s included and what’s not?
Is the Bush covered in the defense budget?
“On any given day, we have about three aircraft carriers floating about the world in order to respond to crises,” says Janine Davidson, senior fellow for defense policy with the Council on Foreign Relations. “That money is already paid for. It’s the operational account for what we would call posturing our military forces abroad.”
Todd Harrison, a senior fellow with the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, says the U.S. routinely rotates carriers.
“But if you actually take it a step further,” he says, “and you start conducting things like air strikes, then that picks up the pace of operations of the aircraft operating off the aircraft carrier, which is an additional cost. And then you’ve got the cost of munitions that are expended – you know, bombs and missiles and the like.”
But here’s the thing about bombs and Tomahawk missiles: You don’t have to pay for them when you use them. Payment comes later, to replenish them. That provides flexibility.
Mackenzie Eaglen, resident fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, says President Obama would rather fund operations like no-fly zones by moving money around than asking Congress for more.
“That’s what we saw happen in Libya, when there was a multi-month no-fly zone which the US participated in and the Pentagon paid for that out of hide,” she says.
That operation cost about a billion dollars.
Todd Harrison says the costs of intelligence sharing, air support, and limited air strikes are probably small enough for the regular defense budget to absorb. He says the big potential cost for the Department of Defense is troops on the ground.
“So when you start putting in 10,000, 20,000 troops, that’s when DOD would need to request supplemental funding to pay for those operations,” he says.
Those are the kinds of numbers last seen from the US for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. So far, the force committed this time around is much, much smaller.