National / International News
This story comes as, I guess you might say, a mea culpa for the aspersions I cast on millennials the other day.
Maybe this'll ring a bell:
I'm sharing this so I can tell you about what I saw on Buzzfeed today.
There's an extension for Chrome that will replace the word "millennials," wherever it pops up on line, with the words "snake people."
To see just how ubiquitous lobbying has become in Washington, I make an appointment for lunch with Lee Drutman. He's a senior fellow at the New America Foundation and the author of "The Business of America is Lobbying."
He’s waiting for me at the buffet, and we're about to zero in on the food business: loading up our plates, then dissecting them to see which foods have lobbyists at the table.
Drutman pulls out a laptop with a list of lobbyists, and I tell him what’s on my plate, starting with beef.
“There’s 17 beef organizations here in Washington," Drutman says. "We’ve got the Center for Beef Excellence, U.S. Premium Beef, Beef Products Incorporated…”
You get the idea. Every single thing on our plates had somebody representing it on Capitol Hill. Sometimes lots of somebodies. For rice, seven associations. Ditto for shrimp.
Some of the trade associations are pretty obscure. Like the International Natural Sausage Casing Association, or the American Dehydrated Onion and Garlic Association.
I reach for a bag of chips, which reminds me: I interviewed the CEO of the Snack Food Association, Tom Dempsey, because I was wondering – what are all these food folks lobbying for? Turns out it’s stuff like labeling on packages, and the federal government’s new dietary guidelines.
“What the association does is tries to stay out in front of issues that may not impact the industry tomorrow but will impact it down the line,” says Dempsey.
Other food lobbyists are focused on some proposed new trade deals. There’s one with Europe that’s gotten the attention of the International Dairy Foods Association — Europe wants to trademark the names of certain cheeses. But there are 35 dairy lobby groups. I ask Dave Carlin, the Association’s chief lobbyist why there are so many.
“We have to tell our story," he tells me. "Because if we don’t tell our story nobody else will.”Nancy Marshall-Genzer & Tony Wagner/Marketplace
There’s an old saying in Washington: if you’re not at the table, you’re on the menu, which brings me back to the buffet, with Lee Drutman.
We’ve started talking money. He says there are 1,114 different food lobbying organizations in Washington, spending about $130 million a year.
Drutman says all the registered lobbyists in town spend about $3 billion a year. I wondered when lobbying got to be such a big business. Drutman says the food folks started around the time of FDR’s New Deal, when a lot of agricultural subsidies were born.
“It caused a lot of people in the agricultural industry to pay attention to politics,” he says.
Drutman says corporations started lobbying more in the '70s and '80s, in the wake of increased government regulation. And it’s just kept growing. Now, lobbying kind of feeds on itself.
“Once companies and associations set up shop in Washington they rarely leave because they’ve hired lobbyists who can keep them interested in all the issues," says Drutman. "So once you start lobbying, you tend to keep lobbying, and there’s a self-reinforcing stickiness.”
Because you certainly don’t want to be the one who’s not at the table.
Home values in 20 U.S. cities rose 5 percent for the year ending in March, according to the S&P Case-Shiller index out on Tuesday.
Five percent is better than economists expected and is pretty solid, especially when you throw in that the pace of new home sales sped up substantially to 6.8 percent in April, according to the Commerce Department.
One of those new home sales was courtesy of Tara Ilsley Murillo, 28, and her husband in Durham North Carolina.
“It was cheaper than renting,” she says. And she was able to find a home that was significantly below the national average of $297,300. “Yeah I’m young, it’s my first home, so it was very below the average.”
Economists the country over are happy for Ilsley Murillo, whether they know it or not. Not simply because she is spending as new home owners do – “we started a garden, we’re putting up a fence for our crazy dog” – but because she is part of an elusive group.
The 25-34 year olds who have not been as present in the housing market as they need to be in order to drive the housing market, and the economic growth tied to it, back to pre-recession levels.
“The percentage of 25-34 year olds with a job has increased,” says Steve Blitz, chief economist for ITG. “It’s recovered about two-thirds of the drop from the pre-recession high,” he says, “and leaving that one-third out is one of several reasons why the level of home sales has recovered but not to pre-recession levels."
Blitz says the growth in home sales may just be things getting back to normal after this past winter, which proved sluggish for housing and gross domestic product growth as a whole.
And it's very unlikely the rise in home prices is about young first time homeowners.
“I think it means there’s some places in the country like San Francisco, Denver, and Dallas where there’s not enough houses to buy right now,” says David Blitzer, director of the S&P Dow Jones Indices which releases the Case-Schiller Index.
The places where home prices are rising precipitously aren’t where the Tara Isley-Morillos are buying, it’s where they can’t.
“The low end is clearly not participating and that’s a lot of new homes and first time homebuyers,” says Blitzer.
This situation has some cruel ironies to it. Those least able to buy are the ones who are paying the most, according to real estate data provider Zillow. Renters are on average paying double the percentage of income that owners do.
Home-price growth is outstripping income growth on the whole as well.
If, over the years, says Blitzer, “you continue to see home prices rise faster than wages and salary and income, unless something else gives like banks become more open-minded about giving everyone mortgages, it has to narrow the pool” of those who can afford to own a home.
Remember last month when the cable behemoth Comcast scrapped its $45 billion merger with Time Warner Cable? And remember how Comcast was worried that the government wouldn't sign off on a deal that let Comcast rule the world ... metaphorically speaking, of course?
Well, here we are a month later, and instead of one cable and internet conglomerate, it looks like we're going to have two. Charter Communications announced this morning it's going to pay $55 billion for Time Warner Cable and another $10 billion for Bright House Networks, a different cable provider.
If the bid makes it past regulators, and the early betting is that it will, the new company will have nearly 24 million customers.
But don't think that all of a sudden you are going to have a whole lot of choice when it comes to your cable company or that your bill will change that much.
Listen for more (and a pretty great nose picking analogy).
This week, NPR looks at four seemingly intractable problems that await the 45th president: stagnant wages, violent extremism, cybersecurity and the federal debt.
NYU has announced that when looking at applications, it will initially overlook the criminal record of prospective students.
Faux eggs made with 3-D printers are better than sculpted versions, researchers say, because it's easier to systematically vary their size, weight and other features. Next goal: 3-D fragile shells.
It's a worldwide chain that lets "the blind become our eyes." But there's a difference in the new Nairobi branch. The servers themselves had never eaten in a restaurant before.
The first rule of Fight Club is … do not talk about Fight Club. We’re going to break that rule, because there is now a sequel and it’s written in a completely different style than the original. Author Chuck Palahniuk teamed up with artists David Mack and Cameron Stewart to release a 10-part comic book that brings back Tyler Durden.
On why he chose to bring back Fight Club:
I finally had the time to learn a new storytelling skill. I had about a year off, because my story collection was done. I was invited, kind of ambushed, at a dinner party by a bunch of comic people, including Brian Bendis and Matt Fraction. They really hammered on me about creating Fight Club 2 as a graphic novel, so I had the time and I had the peer pressure so, what the hell?
On how to write a comic book:
There’s so many different parts of that skill. As you see the two pages, the reader scans them all (to get) a general idea of what’s going to happen. The only moment you can surprise or shock the reader is when they turn the page. It’s called the page-turn reveal. So you’ve got to have a set up at the bottom of the right hand page, and you have to have a payoff at the top of the left hand page as they turn that page every time. It drives you crazy to pace a story so artificially!
On what his life has been like the past 19 years since Fight Club came out:
You know the biggest change, if I can be honest, is that both of my parents died. My father was killed in ‘99 and my mother died in 2009. I had to come to terms with how much of my performance was based on pleasing them and getting their approval and I had to find a way to motivate myself now that they were both gone.
On the sense of loneliness that his characters have:
So many of us think that if we can get money enough, we can kind of isolate ourselves in the country or in the penthouse, then we will be happy because we won’t be dealing with Sartre’s “other people,” and then when we do achieve that isolation, we realize we’ve never been more unhappy.
On the marketing of Fight Club 2:
I’ve been really pulled into the whole creative, the whole enterprise. I had to answer the letter columns. I had to write 200 haikus as Tyler Durden so those could be tweeted out gradually. I had to come up with all these little extras whenever there was a blank page, and I had to design a lot of the marketing things because this is supposed to be my baby…and that’s exciting.
Will there be a new movie?
There’s been interest, there’s also been some television interest — so people are just kind of holding their breath right now.
The influential photographer was known mostly for her humanist work.
Lee wrote dozens of books, including Don't Bite The Sun and Death's Master -- the latter of which was part of her popular Flat Earth series. She was 67.
NPR's "Day 1" series looks at major issues the next president will face in office. One issue is that Americans still aren't seeing big raises, even though the job market is slowly recovering.
The president has sought to give temporary protection from deportation to people who were brought to the U.S. as children, and to the parents of people who live in the U.S. legally.