National News

What exists between desire and fulfillment?

Marketplace - American Public Media - Fri, 2015-01-16 10:19

Instant gratification is the norm in today's economy. Online shopping, instant downloads, and increasingly-speedy delivery times all contribute to a want it now, get it now mentality that drives our spending and consumption. 

But what happens if you wait for something? According to Elizabeth Dunn, a professor of psychology at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, you might enjoy it more. 

A 2010 study in the Netherlands found that people surveyed before a vacation were happier than those surveyed right after a vacation, and even people on vacation. In that period of anticipation, waiting for the trip, people could imagine a perfect ideal, something that would likely not exist in reality. 

This kind of thinking inspires Pinterest boards of dream weddings, makes watching French TV shows and listening to Edith Piaf before a trip to Paris exciting. 

Dunn says that the period of anticipation while waiting for an experience is a form of free enjoyment -- a chance to maximize the time spent appreciating something you've already paid for. 

The same goes for smaller purchases -- new clothes, a visit to a restaurant -- and big financial hurdles. Dunn says that the same principles that allow people to enjoy the time before a vacation could be applied to a college savings account, or a retirement fund.

The key, Dunn says, is to make things more concrete: the details matter.  

Can A New Ban On Witchcraft Protect The Albinos Of Tanzania?

NPR News - Fri, 2015-01-16 10:12

Media reports this week said the Tanzanian government was going to go after "witch doctors" who attack albinos. But what, exactly, is a "witch doctor"? And why are they targeting people with albinism?

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One dreaded question: What do you do?

Marketplace - American Public Media - Fri, 2015-01-16 10:07

Throughout the recession a lot of Americans had work histories filled with gaps.

Bill Marshall is having one now.

It began this July when he was laid off from his job at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. 

Marshall speaks to Marketplace Weekend from his home in Devon, Pennsylvania. 

He's says learned a lot from his gap, but he starts with one dreaded question.

 

Obama: There's A Less Than 50/50 Chance Of Nuclear Deal With Iran

NPR News - Fri, 2015-01-16 09:52

In a joint press conference with British Prime Minister David Cameron, President Obama also urged Congress to keep out of the negotiations with Iran.

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Global gaps: income and wealth inequality

Marketplace - American Public Media - Fri, 2015-01-16 09:50

Wealth and income inequality has inspired discussion and sparked debate among economists for years. As these gaps widen in many global economies, the question of whether income and wealth inequality slow growth, and whether the gaps should be closed through policy, becomes more pointed. 

Branko Milanovic, a professor at The Graduate Center at the City University of New York and the former lead researcher on inequality for the World Bank, joined Lizzie O'Leary to discuss income and wealth inequality globally. 

Milanovic measures inequality worldwide through anonymous surveys, creating a global picture of what wealth and income gaps look like. Each country is assigned a score that ranks inequality in both income and wealth.

Wealth gaps, which measure accumulated wealth through investments and savings, are almost always larger and more significant than income gaps. Even the poorest citizens in the poorest nations are unlikely to be entirely without income, but are frequently without wealth. 

So how should we address inequality? 

Milanovic says that the consequences for these gaps are complicated, because there's no world government to regulate income and wealth distribution worldwide.

Within nations, modifications to social structures and policy can correct for systemic inequalities. Milanovic cites education, voting rights, and race and gender discrimination as touchstones that individual countries can address to quell income and wage gaps.

Globally, things are trickier. Migration is a key factor in global inequality, and is a major obstacle to overcome in places where border relationships are tense.

Milanovic says that future global income and wealth inequality is also dependent upon growth in China and India -- two places where large income and wealth gaps haven't slowed economic expansion. 

Tune in to the segment using the player above to hear more of Branko Milanovic's thoughts on wealth and income gaps in the global economy, and to hear the story of two people living and working in China who are experiencing the gaps there firsthand. 

 

Proposed NCAA Deal Would Restore Penn State Football Wins

NPR News - Fri, 2015-01-16 09:41

The deal between the NCAA and the university would restore the 112 wins from 1998 through 2011 that were thrown out amid the Jerry Sandusky child molestation scandal.

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Food Trucks, Share The Lane. Food Bikes Are Merging Into The Business

NPR News - Fri, 2015-01-16 09:09

A growing number of food vendors are literally pedaling their wares. From baristas to veggie farmers, many say bikes are a cheaper, greener, more convenient way to launch their mobile food businesses.

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Archdiocese Of St. Paul-Minneapolis Files Chapter 11

NPR News - Fri, 2015-01-16 09:03

Facing more than a dozen claims of sexual abuse by priests, the archdiocese says it needs protection to reorganize. 11 other U.S. dioceses have filed bankruptcy since 2004.

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A Weight-Loss Device Aims To Curb Hunger By Zapping A Nerve

NPR News - Fri, 2015-01-16 07:56

A surgically implanted device similar to a pacemaker gained FDA approval after showing some weight loss in people who are obese. But people in a study who had sham devices lost weight, too.

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Duke's Muslim Students Prepare For Prayers Amid Controversy

NPR News - Fri, 2015-01-16 07:15

They will gather for their call to prayer in the quadrangle outside Duke Chapel, a day after Duke University reversed course on allowing the traditional call to prayer from the chapel's bell tower.

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It's Official: 2014 Was The Hottest Year On Record, NOAA Says

NPR News - Fri, 2015-01-16 07:03

The annually-averaged temperature was 1.24 degrees Fahrenheit over the 20th century average, and easily broke the records set in 2005 and 2010.

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Arizona 1st In Nation To Require High Schoolers To Pass Civics Test

NPR News - Fri, 2015-01-16 06:48

The state's governor signed a bill into law that will require graduates to pass the same civics test given to candidates for U.S. citizenship. Similar measures are being considered in other states.

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Head Of Medicare, Who Oversaw Obamacare Rollout, Will Step Down

NPR News - Fri, 2015-01-16 06:11

Marilyn Tavenner said she was stepping down in February. She joined the Obama administration in 2010 and oversaw the problematic rollout of the President Obama's signature domestic program.

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Iowa's Sen. Ernst Grabs Spotlight That's Often Proven Too Hot

NPR News - Fri, 2015-01-16 06:06

As often as not, the opportunity to speak right after the president has been the kiss of death for aspiring politicians — especially for the GOP during the Obama years.

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Saudis Postpone 2nd Round Of Public Flogging For Jailed Blogger Raif Badawi

NPR News - Fri, 2015-01-16 05:44

A doctor who examined Badawi found his wounds from last Friday's public flogging hadn't healed and he would be unable to withstand another round. The punishment could be carried out next Friday.

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Pope, On Visit To Philippines, Defends Catholic Ban On Contraception

NPR News - Fri, 2015-01-16 05:38

Francis, on the second day of his visit to the predominately Catholic nation, called for families to be "sanctuaries of respect for life."

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Quiz: National champs on the field and in the classroom?

Marketplace - American Public Media - Fri, 2015-01-16 04:58

Ohio State’s football team won the first College Football Playoff, but its Graduation Success Rate rate lags behind other sports programs on its campus.

GSR is a NCAA metric that accounts for student-athlete transfers.

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Quiz: National champions on the field - and the classroom?

Marketplace - American Public Media - Fri, 2015-01-16 04:58

Ohio State’s football team won the first College Football Playoff, but its Graduation Success Rate rate lags behind other sports programs on its campus.

GSR is a NCAA metric that accounts for student-athlete transfers.

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Long-Lost British Spacecraft Spotted By NASA Probe Orbiting Mars

NPR News - Fri, 2015-01-16 04:10

The Beagle 2 Mars Lander was lost Christmas day 2003. Today, British scientists confirmed their spacecraft was found partially deployed on the surface of Mars.

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PODCAST: Breaking the Google Glass

Marketplace - American Public Media - Fri, 2015-01-16 03:00

On Friday, new regulations go into effect governing the US relationship Cuba. Americans still can't visit willy-nilly, but there are now 12 categories of visitors who won't need a license to travel there, including family visits, educational, religious. And how does one get to Cuba, exactly? Plus, Google is ending sales of its Glass eyewear, the heads-up display that linked eyeglass frames to the internet. And sand from a few midwestern states is highly preferred for fracking, and large mines have turned parts of rural Wisconsin inside out. When officials in Trempealeau County tried to limit new mines, mining companies looked closely at how local government is structured in rural Wisconsin- and got creative.

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